Gestational Diabetes and Charts

Gestational Diabetes and Charts


If mom eats too many carbohydrates, she is in danger of high sugar levels and triggering high insulin concentrations. This scenario can lead to hyperglycemia and insulin resistance. Excessive weight gain is also common. The table below shows who is at a greatest risk for Gestational Diabetes.

Risk Factors for Developing GDM


Gestational Diabetes

Pregnancy brings on many changes in a women’s body. These changes are all designed to accommodate a healthy growing fetus.

Hormones from the endocrine system go on a rampage to protect the fetal development and mom’s body makes the necessary changes. However, if her system is overloaded with sugar to the point where her pancreas does not produce enough insulin to balance the surplus, she may get Gestational Diabetes. This could also lead to Type II diabetes after the baby is born.


Studies show that 50%-60% of the women who get pregnant are already over weight. Those women who have a BMI (body mass index) of 30 or more and have a family history of diabetes are at greater risk for GDM.

The common test is the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) where the patient drinks a syrupy liquid and her glucose level determined after one hour. A follow up test is the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test where glucose level is determined after each hour for 3 hours. If glucose is higher than normal in two of the tests, the patient is diagnosed with Gestational Diabetes.
The risks to the baby include high birth weight, premature delivery and shoulder dystocia. Shoulder dystocia presents a problem for natural passage of the baby through the birth canal.

Shoulder Dystocia may cause difficulty for normal child birth


baby uterus nerves 376 Gestational Diabetes

The risks of GDM are serious and should be monitored during pregnancy. Your best defense is to eat a well balanced diet of fruits, vegatables, good fats, protein and high fiber carbs. Get your exercise and eat healty for the sake of both you and the baby.

More Charts: ( Printable )




Stomach Organ Diagram


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